A negligent or intentional injury against a person or property, with the exception of breach of contract. Secured debt Debt backed by a mortgage, pledge of collateral, or other lien; debt for which the creditor has the right to pursue specific pledged property upon default. Examples include home mortgages, auto loans and tax liens. Property of the estate All legal or equitable interests of the debtor in property as of the commencement of the case. Presentence report A report prepared by a court’s probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 abolished parole in favor of a determinate sentencing system in which the sentence is set by sentencing guidelines.
That’s what happened in Fernandez v. Commissioner, 138 T.C. Start by trying a plain language search for your firm. The two most commonly used legal dictionaries are Black’s Law Dictionaryand Ballentine’s Law Dictionary. Print copies of Black’s are located on dictionary stands on the fourth and fifth floors. Readers will welcome the detailed commentary of segregation laws in the first part which makes for a valuable reference tool. In other words, although the strict style always carried symbolic associations of law and order, this law had different implications at different times.
Now, without the option of parole, the term of imprisonment the court imposes is the actual time the person spends in prison. Parole The release of a prison inmate – granted by the U.S. Parole Commission – after the inmate has completed part of his or her sentence in a federal prison. When the parolee is released to the community, he or she is placed under the supervision of a U.S. probation officer.
– In Personam Jurisdiction
The trustee may also bring actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. Chapter 11 A reorganization bankruptcy, usually involving a corporation or partnership. A Chapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time. Individuals or people in business can also seek relief in Chapter 11. The maximum amount a person participating in a business can lose or be charged in case of claims against the company or its bankruptcy. A stockholder in a corporation can only lose his/her investment, and a limited partner can only lose his/her investment, but a general partner can be responsible for all the debts of the partnership.
An indictment or information may contain allegations that the defendant committed more than one crime. Counsel Legal advice; a term also used to refer to the lawyers in a case. Collateral Property that is promised as security for the satisfaction of a debt. Clerk of court The court officer who oversees administrative functions, especially managing the flow of cases through the court. The clerk’s office is often called a court’s central nervous system. Chapter 9 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for reorganization of municipalities . Caseload The number of cases handled by a judge or a court.
Product & service classification
Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Read more about law dictionary here. An act of the highest legislative body of a state or nation. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The laws of grammar; the laws of visual perspective.
You may have started law school with your mind full of horror stories. Most of the people you attend law school with are genuinely kind and helpful people. Try to find a group or a couple of people that you can trust and lean on when necessary. Your law school friends can help you stay on task, body double, and even provide notes on the days you may be struggling. These friends can be one of your greatest assets throughout your law school journey.
In appellate cases, a group of judges assigned to decide the case; 2. In the jury selection process, the group of potential jurors; 3. The list of attorneys who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their own counsel. Opinion A judge’s written explanation of the decision of the court. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms.